Ok here we go.
Starting at the top left knob. Labled "Talkback". This allows you to hear yourself when you talk. Usually used when truckers have an Echo board put in the radio. They use the talkback to adjust how much echo they have.
We don't care about that right now so turn this knob counter clockwise untill it stops. Pushing this knob in turns the talk back on or off.
Clarifier: Used to tune in others when using Sideband. More on sideband later. Put this knobs red dot @ 12 O'Clock.
Frequency counter shows the actual frequency. The channel display shows the channel. 1-40 like all other 40 channel CB's. Ch19 shows as 27.185 which is the actual frequency of Ch19.
Middle row of switches.
On the left "swr/mod/pwr". Putting this switch on "swr" makes the radio automatically check your swr. SWR is how well your antenna is tuned to the car that it's mounted on.
Mod is for Modulation. This is how loud your voice is on the recieving end.
PWR is the amount of Watts the radio is putting out. These 3 position show up on the meter on the left.
Off/anl/nb+anl: This switch is for cutting out noise from sparkplugs, fuel pump and over head power lines. I put mine in the middle position which is ANL(antenna noise limiter).
Pa/GNF/CB: Pa is a public address and you need an under hood horn like whats on cop cars when they yell at you from inside the cop car.
GNF: Galaxy noise filter. Useless noise filter!
CB: Regular CB use. Put this switch all the way to the right.
USB/AM/LSB: Upper and lower sidebands are a different mode.To use Upper and Lower you must be talking to another radio that also has sidebands. Put this switch on AM for normal CB use.
BTW...You can talk much farher on Sideband than on AM. Sidebands are mostly used on channels 35,36,37,38,39 and 40 with ch38 Lsb being the calling channel.
Sidebands are where you would use the clarifier knob to clarify or tune to another sideband radio so that you can hear them.
Guys on AM cannot understand guys on Sideband and guys on Sideband ......Well they can kinda hear guys on AM but not clearly. For todays lesson lets say that they cant communicate together.
Low/Med/Hi: Is for the tone of the recieving voice. I put this switch on "HI".
Lower set of knobs left to right.
Vol/SQ. The inner knob turns the radio on and adjust the volume. The outer knob adjusts the squelch so you dont have to hear static all day.
Mic gain: Adjusts your output modulation. Turn this all the way clockwise untill it stops. If it's too loud and others complain you can turn it counter clockwise to turn your modulation down.
This also turns the Roger beep on or off by pushing the knob in. Dont use a roger beep unless your trying to be annoying
RF Gain: This adjusts how sensitive the radio is to incomming signals. If there are others in the area on other channels you may get interfierence from them. Turning this knob counter clockwise will stop the interfierence from them.
For now turn it clockwise untill it stops.
Dimmer turns the lights in the radio brighter or dimmer. Pushing this knob in turns the lights off completly. For now turn it clockwise untill it stops.
RF Power: This is how much power your radio is putting out. ASSUMING that your radio has not been modified when you turn this knob clockwise untill it stops you will be putting out the maximun legal 4watts of power.
Turning the knob counter clockwise lowers the output power.
For now. Clockwise untill it stops.
Now with the radio on. Look under the channel indicator. Is the RB light off? If it's on push the Mic gain switch in once to turn it off.
With the swr/pwr/mod switch on swr when you key the mic the swr will show up on the lowest scale on the meter. If you look at the meter closely you will see a 1 then a 1.5, 2 then a red 3. Hopefully yours shows less than 2. If it doesnt you need to get your antenna tuned.
There is a small light under the channel indicator that will glow red when you transmit if your SWR is over 3.
Put the switch on mod and speak into the microphone while turning the mic gain knob and you can see your modulation amount on the 2nd line in the meter.
Put this switch on pwr, key the mic and turn the rf power and you can see the needle drop and raise as you put out more or less power.
Hope this helps!