Is it worth adding dual exhaust to the 2.8l v6 gm 60* lr2 engine? I had to cut the exhaust to do some work on it. now im needing to replace it. im thinking might just go with a true dual exhaust while im at it.
well i dont have a choice to mod it. its either go with the original design or go true dual. i had to completely cut up the exhuast system except the exhaust manifold. to get the oil pan off. the entire this is the original exhaust the cat. so while i have no exhaust i thought maybe go with the true dual.
saves from having to pay for a new setup twice you know
I doubt you'd see much if anything from a true dual exhaust, and you'd also have to run two catalytic converters which wouldn't likely function properly because of a difficulty reaching proper operating temp. Even Camaro guys don't really run true dual on their V6s. Just stick to a stock exhaust with quality bends, a healthy cat, and a muffler with whatever sound you prefer.
not to really take this thread from its original intent but i have found some info on back pressure.
im sure some have read this and some have not but here it is
read off of thumepertalk.com motor cycle forum that has some more insight.
Backpressure: The myth and why it's wrong.
One of the most misunderstood concepts in exhaust theory is backpressure. People love to talk about backpressure on message boards with no real understanding of what it is and what it's consequences are. I'm sure many of you have heard or read the phrase "Engines need backpressure" when discussing exhaust upgrades. That phrase is in fact completely inaccurate and a wholly misguided notion.
II. Some basic exhaust theory
Your exhaust system is designed to evacuate gases from the combustion chamber quickly and efficently. Exhaust gases are not produced in a smooth stream; exhaust gases originate in pulses. A 4 cylinder motor will have 4 distinct pulses per complete engine cycle, a 6 cylinder has 6 pules and so on. The more pulses that are produced, the more continuous the exhaust flow. Backpressure can be loosely defined as the resistance to positive flow - in this case, the resistance to positive flow of the exhaust stream.
III. Backpressure and velocity
Some people operate under the misguided notion that wider pipes are more effective at clearing the combustion chamber than narrower pipes. It's not hard to see how this misconception is appealing - wider pipes have the capability to flow more than narrower pipes. So if they have the ability to flow more, why isn't "wider is better" a good rule of thumb for exhaust upgrading? In a word - VELOCITY. I'm sure that all of you have at one time used a garden hose w/o a spray nozzle on it. If you let the water just run unrestricted out of the house it flows at a rather slow rate. However, if you take your finger and cover part of the opening, the water will flow out at a much much faster rate.
The astute exhaust designer knows that you must balance flow capacity with velocity. You want the exhaust gases to exit the chamber and speed along at the highest velocity possible - you want a FAST exhaust stream. If you have two exhaust pulses of equal volume, one in a 2" pipe and one in a 3" pipe, the pulse in the 2" pipe will be traveling considerably FASTER than the pulse in the 3" pipe. While it is true that the narrower the pipe, the higher the velocity of the exiting gases, you want make sure the pipe is wide enough so that there is as little backpressure as possible while maintaining suitable exhaust gas velocity. Backpressure in it's most extreme form can lead to reversion of the exhaust stream - that is to say the exhaust flows backwards, which is not good. The trick is to have a pipe that that is as narrow as possible while having as close to zero backpressure as possible at the RPM range you want your power band to be located at. Exhaust pipe diameters are best suited to a particular RPM range. A smaller pipe diameter will produce higher exhaust velocities at a lower RPM but create unacceptably high amounts of backpressure at high rpm. Thus if your powerband is located 2-3000 RPM you'd want a narrower pipe than if your powerband is located at 8-9000RPM.
Many engineers try to work around the RPM specific nature of pipe diameters by using setups that are capable of creating a similar effect as a change in pipe diameter on the fly. The most advanced is Ferrari's which consists of two exhaust paths after the header - at low RPM only one path is open to maintain exhaust velocity, but as RPM climbs and exhaust volume increases, the second path is opened to curb backpressure - since there is greater exhaust volume there is no loss in flow velocity. BMW and Nissan use a simpler and less effective method - there is a single exhaust path to the muffler; the muffler has two paths; one path is closed at low RPM but both are open at high RPM.
IV. So how did this myth come to be?
I often wonder how the myth "Engines need backpressure" came to be. Mostly I believe it is a misunderstanding of what is going on with the exhaust stream as pipe diameters change. For instance, someone with a civic decides he's going to uprade his exhaust with a 3" diameter piping. Once it's installed the owner notices that he seems to have lost a good bit of power throughout the powerband. He makes the connections in the following manner: "My wider exhaust eliminated all backpressure but I lost power, therefore the motor must need some backpressure in order to make power." What he did not realize is that he killed off all his flow velocity by using such a ridiculously wide pipe. It would have been possible for him to achieve close to zero backpressure with a much narrower pipe - in that way he would not have lost all his flow velocity.
V. So why is exhaust velocity so important?
The faster an exhaust pulse moves, the better it can scavenge out all of the spent gasses during valve overlap. The guiding principles of exhaust pulse scavenging are a bit beyond the scope of this doc but the general idea is a fast moving pulse creates a low pressure area behind it. This low pressure area acts as a vacuum and draws along the air behind it. A similar example would be a vehicle traveling at a high rate of speed on a dusty road. There is a low pressure area immediately behind the moving vehicle - dust particles get sucked into this low pressure area causing it to collect on the back of the vehicle. This effect is most noticeable on vans and hatchbacks which tend to create large trailing low pressure areas - giving rise to the numerous "wash me please" messages written in the thickly collected dust on the rear door.
Last edited by gvfc2; 06-04-2013 at 06:36 PM..
Reason: putting words in
Good info, and I agree on the "myth" of backpressure. Erroneous as it may be to refer to "backpressure" when talking exhaust diameter and performance, that is how most people understand it, and it makes little difference to the average, practical person. I don't like the analogy in section V though because it implies that exhaust gas pulses pull the following gases along. They don't. How could they? They're just gas--it's the piston that pushes the exhaust out. I'm not disputing the benefits of velocity and scavenging, but if we're going to be pedantic about this, a pulse of gas can't "pull" anything along when it's not actually the source of the energy moving it.
For additional pedantry, we could discuss how an exhaust system should shrink in size from the engine to the tailpipe to account for the exhaust gases' cooling and increasing density.
My $.02 about this back pressure discussion and it's short and simple. My stock muffler fell off while wheeling and my 4.0 ran like **** without it and noticed a loss in power. Put a flowmaster on it and it's now running better than before. Its still on stock 2.25 pipes. A couple if my XJ buddies replaced theirs with 2.5 pipes and sounds great as well as a power gain when they upgraded. Same thing happened to the dodge ram I owned and my damn Massey Ferguson!
__________________ 1997 XJ Sport
6.5" with 31's
Built to CRAWL BUILD THREAD IG: zack_hstadt