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-   -   Valve cover gasket replacement (http://www.jeepforum.com/forum/f12/valve-cover-gasket-replacement-2143521/)

bpounds 02-23-2014 10:31 AM

Valve cover gasket replacement
 
Cork gaskets suck. I wish I had never used that thing. The cork is spongy and is constantly changing thickness. They require very low fastener torque, so the bolts won't stay tight. I was constantly noticing a leak, and had to retighten the bolts, which would stop the leak for a while, but it would come back. The OEM assembly just uses RTV to seal the cover. Okay, rant off on that.

I decided to try one of the Felpro rubberized reuseable gaskets. First I removed the air cleaner, pulled all the vacuum lines that crisscross the valve cover, carefully marking each one, and removed the fuel line from the filter and swung the line away. Remove the air cleaner mount and the air pulse relay set from the valve cover. Then remove all 15 valve cover bolts.
https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-0...0/DSCN2876.JPG

https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-g...0/DSCN2877.JPG

Then pop the valve cover off and remove.
https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-d...0/DSCN2879.JPG

Scrape all that old gasket off the head. Be careful to keep it out of the head gallery as much as possible, but you're probably going to lose some of it down the pushrod ports. I used a razor sharp woodworking chisel to clean the head, but don't leave scratches. If you doubt your chisel skills, use a plastic scraper.
https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-d...0/DSCN2881.JPG

Clean the gasket off the aluminum cover. Pull the vent risers and clean all the carbon out of those. Mine were not plugged, but some will be and your PCV/CCV won't work right if they are clogged. You can see the Felpro rubberized gasket in the background.
https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-f...0/DSCN2882.JPG

This is NOT cleaned yet. All that old gasket gunk has to be completely cleaned.
https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-W...0/DSCN2883.JPG

I used a bottoming tap to clean the threads in the head. They are 1/4-20 threads.
https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-X...0/DSCN2886.JPG

This is where it gets interesting. On each end of the head, I found this mill decking error. That's about a 5-10 thousandths mismatch left by the mill cutter. Too much for most gaskets to perfectly seal. It was worst on the rear, but some across the front end too.
https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-1...0/DSCN2887.JPG

To make matters even more interesting, the valve cover die casting left these divots spaced around the sealing surface. Those are around 10-15 thousandths deep too. I think they might be the mold fill risers, but not sure. Anyway, they are right across where the rubber gasket rib lays, and I'm sure they would leak.
https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-S...0/DSCN2890.JPG

Of course there is one right in the center of the rear of the cover.
https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-6...0/DSCN2889.JPG

I put a smear of RTV across the lines in the head, and a small dollup of RTV in each of the cover dimples. I'm sure those imperfections are not an issue with the OEM RTV seal, but the rubber gasket would leak at those points.

The Felpro rubberized gasket has a metal body with spacers at each bolt hole. So when you tighten the fasteners they will stay tight. It's an impressive gasket and well worth the $35 IMO.

bpounds 02-23-2014 10:41 AM

Regarding the old gasket. It seems impossible that some of that cork is not going to end up going down a pushrod port into the oil pan. The first thing I did was to drain the oil pan, left the plug out and the catch bucket under the engine.

After thoroughly cleaning the old gasket and chasing the threads, I used diesel fuel to flush any debris off the head and down to the oil pan and out the drain. I used a turkey baster to squirt the diesel around the rocker bay. After installing the valve cover I poured the first quart of oil through with the plug still out and let it drain. A little diesel in the oil won't hurt anything, but I wanted as much debris as possible to flush through.

Then install the plug and fill with oil. I did not change the oil filter. Let the old one catch the first of the remaining debris. Next weekend I will change the oil again and a new filter.

jsawduste 02-23-2014 11:44 AM

Nice write up. One thing I would like to add is instead of the bolts I used 1/4 x 20 threaded studs. Screw the stud in with a little red Loctite then place the gasket over the studs. Valve cover then washers and 1/4 x 20 nylock nuts.

The studs hold the gasket in place while you drop the VC over the fasteners. The nylocks hold the tightening torque without backing off.

bpounds 02-23-2014 12:27 PM

Quote:

Originally Posted by jsawduste (Post 20634881)
Nice write up. One thing I would like to add is instead of the bolts I used 1/4 x 20 threaded studs. Screw the stud in with a little red Loctite then place the gasket over the studs. Valve cover then washers and 1/4 x 20 nylock nuts.

The studs hold the gasket in place while you drop the VC over the fasteners. The nylocks hold the tightening torque without backing off.

That's a good idea. I forgot to mention above, I used 1/4-20 x 1" long setscrews in about 6 locations around the head, then dropped the gasket over those. That holds the gasket in position while you drop the cover over. Then start placing bolts and replacing setscrews 1 at a time.

rubisean 02-23-2014 01:19 PM

i used the same gasket two years ago, no issues what so ever.

jsawduste 02-23-2014 01:35 PM

Quote:

Originally Posted by bpounds (Post 20635993)
That's a good idea. I forgot to mention above, I used 1/4-20 x 1" long setscrews in about 6 locations around the head, then dropped the gasket over those. That holds the gasket in position while you drop the cover over. Then start placing bolts and replacing setscrews 1 at a time.

That`ll work. :thumbsup:

gotswap 02-23-2014 03:25 PM

funny just seeing this, I replaced mine about 2 hours ago. That is a nice gasket, they tried to give me a cork one but those damn things never seal right. I went 100% without RTV so we shall see how it holds up.


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